Common Reading Mistakes and How to Fix Them

Reading is a challenge for many young children. There are a number of common errors that are made when learning to read, but there are ways to correct them before they become ingrained in your child’s reading. Here are some of the more common reading mistakes, and how you can fix them as soon as they appear.


Tracking Errors

Tracking errors are when a child mixes up sounds within a word. It indicates that they are not tracking left to right, which is the proper way to read. They might sound out a letter near the end of the word before one nearer to the beginning. To help your child in this situation, sound out the word from left to right, and move your finger in the proper direction to help them remember this.


Word Guessing

Often when a child learns to read, they may guess a word without viewing it in its entirety. If a child makes the correct sound of the first letter, but the rest of the word is wrong, they may be doing this. Watch your child’s eyes closely as children who are word guessing often look away from the page and list a string of possible words while watching you see how you react. Again, sound out the word for your child while pointing at the letters and letter combinations.



Difficulties with Vowel Combinations

Children may struggle with combining vowels. You will realize this if their vowel combinations sound choppy or do not flow properly. If your child is having difficulty putting two vowels together, practice sounding out the vowel combinations, or make up a catchy rhyme or poem to help them remember what the combination sounds like.


Lack of Attention to Detail

When a child is in a hurry to read or has trouble concentrating, they may lack attention to detail. If your child misses parts of a word they are attempting to read or skips words, this may be the issue. They may have trouble blending consonant clusters. Encourage your child to slow down and take their time in order to conquer this problem.


Confusing the Letters

It is a common issue for children to confuse letters when they are beginning to read. Letters such as b, d, and even p which are similar in shape can cause confusion among early readers. If your child is obviously mixing up their letters, have them print each letter numerous times in regular block style print.


Text Memorization

Sometimes children learn tricks that make them appear to be reading better than they actually are. This can be deceiving to those who are instructing them, as the child appears not to have any struggles. If you notice your child reciting a portion of reading to you and they are not even looking at the book, they have likely memorized it. The way to combat this is to have your child read new books often and to avoid books with pictures that give away what is written once they have read it through.


There are many common mistakes a child may make while learning to read. If you catch them early, you can correct them so that they will not become a long-term stumbling block to your child. Your young reader will benefit from your attention as you keep your eyes out for these common reading mistakes and assist your child in conquering them.

The old saying is still true today, “practice makes perfect.”



How to Improve a Child’s Short-Term Memory

A good short-term memory is a benefit to all who have one. There are ways you can improve your child’s short-term memory. Wouldn’t it be nice to have your child remember what you ask them, instead of having to remind them over and over again of something? With a little bit of work, you can assist your child in their short-term memory capabilities.


Lessen Your Child’s Stress Load

A stressed-out child will not be able to utilize their memory fully, including short-term memory. If you want your child to be able to remember more efficiently, do everything you can to lessen their stress load. Talk to your child and ask them how they feel often. Take them seriously when they are upset or concerned about something. Children think more deeply than many adults give them credit for. When these thoughts and concerns are not discussed with a trusted adult, it can have a negative effect on their health. Having negative thoughts or concerns can distract your child from enjoying life, worrying about things that are not true or real. Talk to and help them move past these concerns.


Exercise is a great way to help your child improve his (or her) short-term memory. Medical studies have proven that vigorous daily exercise improves an individual’s memory and cognitive function. No matter your child’s personality, there is a sport or exercise to please him. Let him choose between a variety of activities, such as swimming, basketball, jumping rope, and everything in between.

If your child can be active outside that is even better. They could benefit from the fresh air and sunshine. Outdoor activities are beneficial in a lot of ways so try to get your child outside as much as possible.


Play Brain-Training Games

Memory is like a muscle – it must be used to remain healthy. Children love games, and there are many games a person can play in order to improve their short-term memory. Get involved and participate in these games, as it will also give you bonding time. You can play the classic card game called “Memory,” or choose the one you can play in the car on the way to school, such as “I Spy.” As long as it is a game that encourages memory, it will help.


Adequate Sleep

Children do not function at their best when they are overtired and exhausted. One of the best ways to help your child with their short-term memory function is to adhere to a regular bedtime routine. A regular bedtime will help them fall asleep more quickly, which will help combat being overtired. Studies done on mice showed that when mice were sleeping, a significantly larger amount of new connections between neurons were formed, which leads to greater memory retention.


Foods and Supplements That Help

Food is fuel to our bodies and minds. There are certain foods and supplements that assist us in our ability to memorize. If we want our children to have the strongest memories possible, we must give them the correct fuel. Some supplements that contribute to a healthy brain and memory are omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins B12, E, C, and beta-carotene which contains the precursor for vitamin A. Foods to help improve your memory include vegetables, fruit, fish, nuts, olive oil, and whole grains. Visit Health for You to read more articles on healthy eating.

Improving your child’s short-term memory doesn’t have to be a losing battle. There are several things you can do to help them improve in this area. With a few lifestyle changes and a little bit of persistence, you will see a remarkable difference more quickly than you could imagine.

How Does Reading Teach Empathy?

Reading and empathy… the two may not sound related at first but when you dig a little deeper, they have a strong connection. Reading, and especially the reading of literary fiction, has been studied and proven to strengthen an individual’s empathy towards others. How does this happen, and what can we learn from it to apply in our own lives?



Reading Helps You Identify and Read the Emotions of Others

Studies have shown that when you spend time reading literary fiction, it assists you in learning to identify the emotions of others. Becoming absorbed in a book and then in a particular character’s role builds your sense of empathy and causes you to understand the situation from their viewpoint. Once you build your capacity to identify other individuals’ emotions, you will begin to read them better.

Reading gives you a unique viewpoint, often from right inside the character’s mind. This helps you to see the world through eyes other than your own. If you have trouble reading others’ emotions, try spending at least a short time each day reading fiction.



Reading Helps Improve Your Social Perception

Social perception is the study of how individuals form their impressions of other people and make inferences about them. Part of this is reading body language. Amazingly, when you are subjected to the reading of literary fiction, your social perception grows, along with the ability to understand others to a deeper extent.

Social perception includes being able to read a person’s emotions in context. Reading improves this aspect by explaining a character’s actions and intent. Often, some of the things that go unsaid in our own lives are laid bare in a book. This can be of great benefit to all people, especially those who have trouble understanding the social cues of others.

Another important aspect of social perception is the fact that most good books make a lot of inferences. Rather than always stating the obvious, they give only enough to leave you wondering and force you to decide the obvious for yourself. This gives you practice in being able to translate the tiny details of what you see into the truth of what you understand.




Reading Heightens Your Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence, known as EQ, is now widely spoken of. It is not enough to be well educated if you cannot communicate and share your knowledge with others. It is said that EQ maybe even more important than IQ. As Plato once said, “All learning has an emotional base.” If you wish to communicate effectively, you must understand your own emotions and the emotions of others.

Emotional intelligence includes perceiving, reasoning with, understanding and managing emotions. If you leave out any one of these, your EQ will be lacking. Reading helps each of these areas to grow through identifying with characters and cheering for a positive outcome for them. The emotion invested in a good book and the people in it will take you far in your ability to care and connect with other humans.


Reading, especially reading good literary fiction, gives you more than just a few moments of relaxation. Reading exercises many parts of your brain and makes you a more complete individual. If you are hoping to grow in your empathy, grab a good book, sit down and read.


Happy Reading!


How Do Your Routines Impact Children’s Reading?

No one would argue that reading is one of the most important things we can teach our children. When a child learns to read, a whole new world is opened to them.  When a person can read, they will be able to do more, learn more, and become more than they otherwise would. Your routines can positively impact your children’s reading and here are some ideas on how they can encourage your child to become an avid and effortless reader.


Routines Make Time for Reading

In a busy world where we often feel like we are flying from one activity to the next, routines give us a solid schedule where we can make time for what is important to us and our families.  Reading time is an example.  Maintaining a solid routine will ensure that there will always be time for your children to read. Having a certain time set aside daily to read is one of the best things we can schedule and make time for.  Once it becomes a routine or habits your children will count on it.


Routines Allow You to Be Involved in the Process

Routines also allow us to be able to commit to helping a child read. It is frustrating for a child who has a desire to learn something when their parent has too many other things on the go to assist them when needed. Try to put reading into your schedule and plan so that it allows you to be available and be there when necessary.

Routines Allow Your Children to Look Forward to Reading

Children thrive on routines, and they crave predictability in their schedules. When your child knows what to expect at each given moment, they will anticipate what comes next. Although it seems counter-intuitive, your children will be more likely to look forward to reading when they know it is going to happen at a certain time and daily.  When your children are younger and still take naps, consider reading right before naptime.  This allows them time to wind down a little before they lay down for a nap or reading time with a snack after naptime.  If your children are older you may consider a special reading time when they get home from school.  Have a snack and reading time.  This allows them special time with you and teaches them too.


Routines Give Children the Structure to Think Creatively

When a child doesn’t have to wonder what is going to happen at the next moment, all day long, they can channel their creativity into more worthwhile things. A good schedule or routine helps to free up a child mind and their imagination and gives your child room to expand their creative pursuits. Children who think creatively are more likely to enjoy reading because their imagination fills in the blanks as they read and brings the text to life.

Routines Free Your Child’s Mind to Learn

Daily routines help everyone function at their best, from the youngest to the oldest of the family. Routines help us feel stable and let us get into a rhythm. We function at our best when our bodies have a predictable pattern and know what to expect next. Your child will feel less scattered and be able to focus and concentrate on reading when they feel safe and secure. This is what routines do for us.


Routines are beneficial to families in every way. They give time to parents, creative energy to children, and the opportunity to make it all happen. Embrace routines in your life and see what a difference it can make in your child’s ability and love for reading.



It All Starts in Your Child’s Ears

Reading is a skill that every parent wishes for their child to learn. It is something that can be frustrating to teach, however.  There are ways to begin setting a foundation for good reading before you even show your child their first printed word. How is it possible to give your child a good head start with their reading from the earliest moment?



Speak to Your Child

From the moment you find out you are pregnant, begin speaking to your child. It may seem funny or embarrassing at first, but as your child grows he (or she) will begin to babble back to you in attempted conversation. Your unborn baby will begin to hear around 18 weeks into the pregnancy, so use this opportunity to expose him to a variety of different sounds.  Once your baby begins to move, you will really experience feedback with his or her movements in reaction to your voice or your spouse’s voice.

Once your baby is born, speak with him or her as you carry him/her around and as you go about your day. Don’t be afraid to explain things in detail.  Talk to your baby as you do things and tell them what you are doing.  Say things like, “Now we are going to make lunch. What should we make today? Here are some bananas and peanut butter.” Even if your baby doesn’t understand every detail at first, it encourages him/her to try out new words himself as they get older.  Babies respond to so many things that you do and learning words from the very beginning is a great start.


Use a Large Vocabulary

When speaking to your baby, use a wide variety of words in your vocabulary. Don’t be afraid to include words that are difficult to pronounce or understand. Using big words encourages an expansion of your baby’s vocabulary, and he/she will understand them as he/she grows.

You will really begin to have fun as they approach about fifteen to eighteen months old.  Their vocabulary starts to grow weekly and when they hit two years old you’ll begin to wonder where they learned all the words they are coming out with.



Read to Your Child

There is no such thing as too much reading. Reading to your child opens the doors to his/her imagination. It exposes him/her to new sounds that you might not otherwise include in your daily conversation and gives him/her something to look forward to. Time spent reading with you or your spouse will imprint positive memories with your child and encourage a love for reading.


Rhyme with Your Child

Rhyming is a wonderful way to help your child lay a foundation for reading. Give your child examples of rhyming, and then ask him/her to give you a few. A great way to teach rhyming is to point to a body part and give a rhyming word for that body part. Then ask him/her to name the rhyming body part. Giving your child clues such as these helps them to learn the concept quickly, and soon he/she will be able to create rhyming words without any assistance.



Foreign Languages

Studies have shown that the more sounds an infant is exposed to, the greater the capacity they will have to learn to speak those sounds later. Speaking a large variety of words while your child is young in any language, including foreign languages, will allow him to become fluent more easily later on.


Teaching your child to read is a process that involves time and patience. It is well worth the effort since it will bring huge benefits to their life. Be sure to lay a foundation for reading long before your child is old enough to read by themselves. By following these simple rules, your child will be on their way to becoming an avid reader in no time at all.

Reading from Birth to Age Six

We know that reading is a beneficial activity for all children. From birth, children are designed to enjoy hearing the human language and to try it out themselves. Reading is one of the best ways we can pass language and ideas on to our children. It is also one of the greatest ways a parent can bond with their little one. How is reading different at birth, two years, four years, and six years of age? Here are some facts to help you maximize the time you spend reading with your little one at any age.


From Birth to Toddler Hood

Reading aloud to your newborn is not just a great way to pass the time but is a highly beneficial activity that will assist your child throughout their entire life. It is difficult to imagine that a newborn can benefit from the simple act of hearing mom or dad read to him (or her), but indeed he/she does.

Reading to a newborn can expose them to a greater variety of words and sounds. Studies have shown that in fact, this allows a child to keep a greater variety of sounds available as they learn and develop their own language, as well as foreign languages that they may choose to learn throughout life. The more words and languages they hear at birth, the easier it will be for them to pronounce each of them correctly later. Holding your child and reading to them is a bonding time that can never be replaced.


At Age Two

The age of two is a fun time for reading. Your child will enjoy hearing you read and point out colors and pictures.  They will be drawn to books with lots of silly words and sounds. When you read to your child, use a great deal of voice inflection as this helps your child to learn the appropriate ways of speaking for each moment and situation. They will especially love reading books with lots of action and emotion.  From age two to four your child will be soaking in hundreds of words and learning every day.  Their vocabulary will grow tremendously over this time period.


At Age Four

Your four-year-old will enjoy books with adventure and plots that they can relate to their own lives. Continue to look for books with bright photos that draw them in. They will likely want to try reading with you, so choose books that have easy words that you can sound out for them. When you read to your four-year-old, it is a great time to seize the teachable moments and see what you can pass to them. Their vocabulary continues to grow during this period.


At Age Six

Six-year-olds are learning more about the world around them and how it relates to them as individuals. Use books that help foster empathy in children, and that talk in an age-appropriate way about being responsible members of society. Six-year-olds often feel older than they actually are and love challenges. They will also learn a great deal from the way you read to them, and the emotion they detect in your voice. This is the time when your child will begin to read more to you as you continue to teach them and they learn at school.  It is an exciting time for them and for you.


Reading is a great choice of activity at any age. When you read to your child, you are investing in his or her future. Know in advance what some of the great age-specific benefits are given to your child through reading to them, and they will benefit from it throughout life.


How Your Children Can Benefit from Reading as They Grow Older


It is a fact that reading can bring in a lot of benefits to our lives both personally and career-wise. Aside from learning new things when reading, it can also help improve our communication skills.

When we read, we expose ourselves to the correct utilization of language through written words and we are able to apply this correct usage in our daily lives.

Though the benefits of reading may not be visible or may not be noticed right away in reality many have benefited from reading. Reading is a very powerful educational tool, especially for children. You can get children interested in reading by having the entire family join a certain book club or go to the library together.

Here are five ways in which reading can help your kids.

Children Develop Intellectual Abilities

Reading can help children develop a love for the written word as well as sharpen their intellectual abilities and master the written language.

Children who become involved in book clubs or start collecting their own books will progress much more quickly than children who do not.


Exposure to Many Different Things

Another benefit of reading is being exposed to so many things. We are not only talking about books that deal with subject matters the children discuss in schools such as chemistry, biology, and the like but reading fiction has its benefits too.

Reading can open a child’s mind to different possibilities, help them become creative, and helps their imaginations soar.  It’s true that experience is the greatest teacher but reading books is undoubtedly a good way of learning about certain life situations in advance.

Reading about things and having that knowledge can make us think twice about making something happen in real life.



Exposure to Different Life Situations

Reading can expose children to different life situations that they can learn from and use in the future.

When children are confronted with a similar situation in the future, such as dealing with strangers or learning new skills they will be able to properly deal with those situations because they were able to read about it before and have that knowledge to help in that situation.

And most often parents or teachers have discussed these situations with children so they are more ready.

Improved Writing Abilities

Another benefit of reading is the improvement of one’s writing ability.  A child’s writing skills can be improved by exposing him or her to correct and formal usage of language through reading published books. Through reading, children master a language subconsciously which is the best method for learning anything, whether or not related to language.

Sometimes, good speakers talk but wouldn’t know how to construct well-written sentences. A person who is good at writing is also usually good at speaking. Those who are good writers and good speakers are most certainly ones who read and learned from books.

When children are young, a parent should start them out with age-appropriate books and move on to harder books as they grow older.  Letting a child choose the books they want to read helps to instill a love of reading and they, in turn, will grow to read more and more as they grow older.


Improved  Analytical Skills

Children who read will be far above their peers because they have learned from all the things they have read.

It is good to have your child or children read a variety of books.  This helps them to develop a sense of what they enjoy or like doing.  If they are only reading fiction, then their imaginations will grow and that’s not all bad but if they read how-to books and other non-fiction books this helps them to grow intellectually as well.

Reading inspirational or motivational books can help instill in children the belief that they can do things, even against the odds.  Reading age-appropriate mystery books can help children develop analytical skills as they try to figure out or solve the mystery.  I know when I was a young teenager I loved Nancy Drew Mysteries and The Hardy Boys.  It helped me to figure out who committed petty theft or whatever mystery there was.

Continue to encourage your children to read a variety of books as they grow older and you will see amazing results in their reading abilities as well as their understanding, speaking, and writing skills.



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Benefits of Early Reading

By Jonathan Zeen Yick Quek | Submitted On November 03, 2013

Teaching your baby to read at a very young age is one of the best ways to allow your child to begin learning independently. Parents who start to teach reading to their babies at an early age is embarking on a crucial stage in their babies’ mental development. You will learn that when you teach reading to your baby early, you will improve your child’s chances in excelling later in life.

Excelling In School

Teaching your baby to read, and doing so in a fun and pleasurable way, will stimulate your child’s brain and help to develop a more sophisticated neural circuitry. Parents who did introduce reading early noted that their children were more likely to excel in their school activities as well as enjoy learning more. This is partly because the children’s early reading experience has given them an invaluable ability for word recognition. But more to the point, it has cultivated other higher-order thinking skills, such as the use of symbols, which are powerful tools for children to leverage on in their learning at school.

These children who were taught to read as a baby were also observed to have higher self-esteem and confidence levels than those whose parents did not encourage reading to. They tended to have a keener mind, and learn new things very quickly. These are not merely subjective testimonials by parents with vested interests. In fact, scientific research has given credence to these observations. One study by Dolores Durkin entitled Children Who Read Early: Two Longitudinal Studies (1966), showed that not only did the 3-to-5-year-olds who were taught to read early retain a significantly higher reading level than their peers. What’s more, 6 years on, these children continued to enjoy an advantage over those who started reading later.

The Reading Curve

There are a few studies that show that children’s natural aptitude for reading begins to slow down around the age of 4 years. These same studies found that as a child grows, the task of learning to read becomes progressively more difficult and tiresome. This means that teaching your baby to read at a later age like 5 is doing your child a certain disservice. Your child would have missed the golden opportunity whereby reading is best and most naturally experienced — the first four years when the brain is processing its first concepts.

Common sense will tell us that should we leave the teaching of reading until a child enters formal school, then the general learning of the child would be hampered by his inability to read. Imagine this: While other children are busy trying to learn how to read in school, your child who has already learned to read would, instead, be consolidating what he already knows from experience. While other children are struggling with individual words, your child is already confidently breezing through one storybook to another. Your child need not be subjected to the confusion and frustration, which his peers are undergoing. Reading is now an area of strength for your kid.

Learning To Read Well

A child may know how to read. But how well can the child read? Two children could very well know how to read, but could, in fact, be reading at really different levels. The key question is whether a child is able to understand and absorb written information. Thus, learning how to read is just a first step. The next more important step is learning to read well, and that comes with more practice and instruction. This is crucial because a child’s reading level is determined by how well the child is able to take in written information. Only when this ability is honed, then can the child acquire general knowledge more effectively.
Reading is said to be the gateway for further knowledge. It is the basic building block of learning for almost all other subjects. Parents must recognize that the earlier a child masters reading, the earlier the child can begin to acquire other areas of knowledge.

The Wonderful Possibilities

Believe you me that children are especially hungry for knowledge, even if it may be limited to specific topics that interest them, such as toys. Imagine how much happier a child would be if he could read up, and learn all about his favorite toys by himself at the age of 5. Compare this child to most children who have not even started to learn to read yet, who are still confined to just admiring the pictures in their storybooks.

Imagine further still: If all children are to master reading earlier, at the baby stage when they have a natural affinity for languages, then the number of children who would grow to develop reading deficiencies later in life would be greatly reduced. That is because the later a child starts to learn to read, the greater the challenge it is for him to pick up the skill, and hence the greater the likelihood of developing a real reading problem.

Also, if all children are to master reading earlier, then this would certainly facilitate the learning of many academic subjects in school. A high reading proficiency would allow a child to understand more easily, as well as understand far more of the materials in his textbooks, inevitably translating to an overall less stressful learning experience at school.

Learning to read early clearly brings many benefits of immeasurable value. Therefore, it is to the greatest advantage of our children when we, as parents, start them reading at an opportune young age.

KiddyLearn is an online educational platform for children 0-6 years old. We offer various programs such as Kiddy Read, Kiddy Chinese, Kiddy Bilingo, etc. Kiddy Read is a reading program that teaches young children how to read English, starting from single words, to couplets, to phrases, and eventually to sentences. Kiddy Chinese adopts the same methodology as Kiddy Read, except that it teaches Chinese from scratch. Both Kiddy Read and Kiddy Chinese focus on training your child to sight-read words. As for Kiddy Bilingo, it is a bilingual program that teaches young children the English and Chinese terms for many things. For all three programs, we use a mixture of established methodologies (including right-brain educational principles) and a mixture of interesting content (words, pictures, animations, and native-voice narratives), delivered through daily-preplanned lessons that just need a few quick clicks to play. There are a whopping total of 336 lessons respectively in Kiddy Read and Kiddy Chinese. We enable you to teach your child using the latest technologies, offering you lots more convenience and effectiveness.